While driving down the road recently, I heard a news flash that purebred buffalo have been genetically cleansed by Colorado State University and the calves will be released at Soapstone Preserve in northern Colorado. It piqued my interest because I recently wrote a seven-part series on white buffalo and how rare [once in every ten million births] they are among the purebred buffalo [click to reference articles on white buffalo].
Recently, buffalo have come under attack fearing that those buffalo who have cattle in their genetics might be a danger to regular cattle because of their potential for brucellosis, which could infect cattle and people.
This summer my wife and I vacationed in Wyoming and passed a cemetery claiming to have the grave of Sacagawea (pronounced like “Chicago Wee-
uh) near Fort Washakie, Wyoming. This Shoshone woman buried on the Wind River Reservation died April 9, 1884. However, if you look up Sacagawea’s death, it is officially recorded as December 20, 1812, near Mobridge, South Dakota. So, who is buried in Wyoming?
Although the story of Sacagawea has enjoyed a resurgence over the past few decades, especially since the Sacagawea, or gold dollar coin, was first minted in 2000 and has been minted every year since, actual documentation on Sacagawea is sparse.
On the surface, it appears that Chief Di’Wali Bowles spent his life running from something trying to find peace. He left his home in Running Water Town on the Tennessee river after the Muscle Shoals Massacre fearing retribution from his tribe (He was later completely exonerated). He left Missouri after a massive earthquake was determined to be a sign from the Great Spirit. He left Arkansas after the Louisiana Purchase expanded the jurisdiction of the United States. He twice relocated in Tejas (first a part of Spain, then Mexico). In his early seventies, he thought he had possibly found peace in Texas until the white Texans revolted against the Mexicans.
Di’wali, “Bowl”, also known in history as “John Bowles,” was born around 1756 in the Cherokee town of Little Hiwasee, located in the western edge of what is now North Carolina. He was the son of “Trader Bowles, of Scotland,” a trader with the Cherokee, and full-blood Cherokee mother, Oo-Yo-Sti-Otiyu. Emmet Starr, the renown Cherokee historian, described Bowles as “decidedly Gaelic in appearance, having light eyes, red hair, and somewhat freckled.” U. S. Senator John H. Reagan from Texas, described Bowles as having “a manly appearance, magnificent specimen of manhood … his eyes were gray, his hair was a dirty, sandy color, and his was an English head.” And, according to Dorman H. Winfrey, “most Texans having contact with Chief Bowles considered him highly intelligent; James T. de Shields, author of many Indian articles, describes his as “a man of unusual sagacity.” In old age, Bowles retained a good physique; he was “vigorous and strong” with “manly bearing.” He maintained erect posture while walking and riding; Reagan says Bowles always carried himself with “dignity.””