Equinox sets between 2nd and 3rd peak from left
When men are most sure and arrogant they are commonly most mistaken, giving views to passion without that proper deliberation which alone can secure them from the grossest absurdities.
— David Hume
The Power of the Astronomer
Today, astronomy is just one of the sciences and most people are, at best, fascinated by the night sky and the advancing sun and moon. But throughout ancient times, the astronomer was critical to agricultural societies. Someone had to watch the sunrises and sunsets, or the changing star patterns, or the moon cycles to determine the seasons for planting and harvesting.
On July 4, 1054, in ancient China, a Chinese astronomer noticed an amazing thing! A Star bright enough to be seen in broad daylight! He recorded the event calling the mysterious star a “Guest Star”. He noted that it was four times brighter than Venus. After about 23 days, the star moved to the night sky and was noted by astronomers in Arabia, Japan, and even here in America.
The native American astronomer, an Anasazi living in Chaco Canyon, noted his discovery by painting the star and its position related to the crescent moon on the underside of a cliff shelf. He even signed his drawing with his hand print. The petroglyph can still be seen below West Mesa in Chaco Canyon, just outside the great house called Peñasco Blanco.