Apr 062017

The state of affairs in 1828

Cherokee Principal Chief John Ross

By 1828, new states had been added and many had drawn their borders to overlap Indian territory.  Some of these states, especially Georgia, believed that state laws should apply to everyone living within their borders.   The state legislature of Georgia, enacted a series of laws which stripped the Cherokee of their rights under the laws of the state.  Indians believed that they should be exempt from state laws within their territorial boundaries.

The idea of removing Native Americans from east of the Mississippi was gaining favor in congress.

Mar 272017

There have been over 500 treaties made between the United States and Native Americans.  And there have been over 500 treaties broken.  Why?

In this article, I will concentrate on relations with those tribes east of the Mississippi—the “civilized tribes”—and five points in time that I think best illustrate how relations have gone from cooperative and respectful to intolerant and disrespectful.

Senate Resolution 76 (1987) reads:

The confederation of the original 13 colonies into one republic was influenced by the political system developed by the Iroquois Confederacy, as were many of the democratic principles which were incorporated into the constitution itself.

Jul 232015
C - Wampum belt of Iroquois Constitution

Iroquois Confederacy Constitution Wampum Belt

In 1451, according to many scholars, a solar eclipse marked the founding of the confederacy of Iroquois Nations.  This momentous event marked the joining of the five Iroquois nations of Oneida, Mohawk, Cayuga, Onondaga, the Seneca.  Later the Tuscarora joined the Confederacy.  The council of the nations would form a verbal constitution, written symbolically on wampum belts, known to them as Gayanashagowa, that would later influence the founders of Constitution of the United States including Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, and Thomas Jefferson.

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