The writing was on the wall! By the early 1800’s, even Thomas Jefferson, who often cited the Great Law of Peace of the Iroquois Confederacy as the
model for the U.S. Constitution, supported Indian Removal as early as 1802. Many Cherokees, unsettled by white encroachment, decided to move west on their own. In 1817, a group that came to be known as the “Old Settlers” voluntarily moved to land given them in Arkansas where they established a new government and a lived in peace for a while. It was not to last. They were eventually forced to move again to Indian Territory.