Apr 062017
 

The state of affairs in 1828

Cherokee Principal Chief John Ross

By 1828, new states had been added and many had drawn their borders to overlap Indian territory.  Some of these states, especially Georgia, believed that state laws should apply to everyone living within their borders.   The state legislature of Georgia, enacted a series of laws which stripped the Cherokee of their rights under the laws of the state.  Indians believed that they should be exempt from state laws within their territorial boundaries.

The idea of removing Native Americans from east of the Mississippi was gaining favor in congress.

Mar 272017
 

There have been over 500 treaties made between the United States and Native Americans.  And there have been over 500 treaties broken.  Why?

In this article, I will concentrate on relations with those tribes east of the Mississippi—the “civilized tribes”—and five points in time that I think best illustrate how relations have gone from cooperative and respectful to intolerant and disrespectful.

Senate Resolution 76 (1987) reads:

The confederation of the original 13 colonies into one republic was influenced by the political system developed by the Iroquois Confederacy, as were many of the democratic principles which were incorporated into the constitution itself.

Jul 302015
 

The writing was on the wall!  By the early 1800’s,  even Thomas Jefferson, who often cited the Great Law of Peace of the Iroquois Confederacy as the

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson

model for the U.S. Constitution, supported Indian Removal as early as 1802.  Many Cherokees, unsettled by white encroachment, decided to move west on their own. In 1817, a group that came to be known as the “Old Settlers” voluntarily moved to land given them in Arkansas where they established a new government and a lived in peace for a while.  It was not to last.  They were eventually forced to move again to Indian Territory.

Jul 162015
 
Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson

The year 1828 was a major turning point for the Cherokee people and the preservation of Cherokee culture.  It was the year that Andrew Jackson was elected president of the United States.  President George Washington had initiated an almost forty year era of peace between the United States and the Cherokee Nation.  In that short time, the Cherokee people had generally adopted the acculturation programs of Washington and had moved rapidly toward adopting the Euro-American way of life. 

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